2016 Policy Papers
Ciana Creighton, Nolan O’Toole, Alana Quint, and Samantha Yates
We have identified that exorbitantly priced rental houses, largely in Baltimore City but also statewide, and lack of affordable housing to be a significant issue that requires legislative attention. Having considered various solution options such as rent controls, inclusionary housing, and a housing anti-discrimination law, we have determined that the least costly and most effective method of solving such an issue would be passing a housing anti-discrimination law. This will allow individuals to utilize the successful existing Housing Choice (Section 8) Federal Housing Voucher System without any inhibitors from landlords who would discriminate against tenants based on their method of paying the rent.
Vanessa Barksdale, Patrick DuBoyce, Paula Del Valle Torres, Daniel Ingham
Recidivism poses a significant challenge to the state of Maryland, as it results in billions of dollars for correctional center expenses, capital loss, and general opportunity costs for individuals who would otherwise be contributing to the health and wellness of the state. In order to increase the state of Maryland’s rates of desistance to address, this, it is important to consider social barriers that inhibit ex-offenders from successfully reintegrating into society. Many solutions are available, including the development of transitional housing programs, continuing education, and an investment in preventative education.
Brian Cadden, Caleb Ulrich, Andrew Bradshaw and Zachary Atran
Our project details the scale and scope of the growing opioid abuse problem within the State of Maryland, recognizes what is already being done to combat the problem, and offers four additional policy alternatives. These recommendations, in order of priority, include: 1. Creating a social impact bond program targeting opioid abuse, 2. Maryland joining the interstate corrections compact, and 3. Instituting various new abuse preventative and post-overdose treatment programs. The report concludes that while much is already being done to combat the opioid problem in the state, these policies could further contribute to alleviating the damage opioid abuse poses on the health and economic well being of Maryland.
Rebecca Goodridge, Manisha Vepa, Patrick Mascio, Aidan DeLisle
The achievement gap between English-speakers and non-English speakers affects not only achievement in language classes but also overall academic achievement. The solution to this issue has been an enigma for decades due to the large amount of time and effort involved in second language learning. In order to reduce the language barrier and improve overall academic achievement, the state of Maryland may consider solutions such as local programs; dual immersion, integration, and magnet schools; and stipends for English as a Second Language teachers.
Lauren Cahalan, Natalie Clements, Emma Craig, Sarah LeBarron
Maryland has a recidivism rate of about 40%. The collateral costs of recidivism cause damage to the individual, taxpayers, whole communities and future generations. The Justice Reinvestment Act aims to tackle the factors that influence recidivism. This proposal recommends providing a pre-release program and portfolio to strengthen the goal of the Justice Reinvestment Act and address the barriers to successful reentry for ex-offenders.